Sunday, May 14, 2006

How many babies did you kill today?

Say NO to dowry. STOP female foeticide.

Dowries are technically illegal since 1961 and sex selection is prohibited since 1994.

Paying a dowry is a heavy financial burden for a family which sometimes results in female foeticide or discrimination against girl child. One figure: the child sex ratio in Punjab has fallen from 793 in 2001 to 776 in 2003, and in Haryana from 820 to 807 during this period. Female foeticide is not the only factor influencing the ratio but it is probably one of them.

Once the girl is born?

Some families must hold back on economic resources to save for gifts to the woman’s future husband and his family. Some girls are denied the right to education, since expenses on their education is not considered to be an investment of higher returns. According to Janice Raymond (1994, p24) girls are breastfed for a shorter period of time, which denies their right to adequate health and nutrition.

Once the girl gets married?

Early marriages are favoured in some Indian states like Rajahsthan. The biological family no longer has to support the girl. The husband’s family may view her as cheap labour in the household and fields. Trafficking in India is rising, and sometimes this, too, is driven by the value of dowry. Some of the girls who have been trafficked are from Nepal. They marry Indian men in exchange for dowry. The young wife might then be sold in to brothels as child-sex workers across India. Numerous incidents of bride burning, harassment and physical torture of the young brides and various kinds of pressure tactics being adopted by the husbands /in-laws pressurising for more dowry have been reported too.

Society is fighting hard against foeticide, discrimination against the girl child, atrocities on brides and suicides, divorces, etc. Despite the existence of rigorous laws to prevent dowry-deaths under a 1986 amendment to the Indian Penal Code (IPC), convictions are rare, and judges are often uninterested and susceptible to bribery.

In 2005, murders by dowry-seekers are still reported daily. It is important to reiterate that these are official records, which are immensely under reported. What's more, most of these incidents are reported as accidental burns in the kitchen or are disguised as suicide.


Wednesday, May 03, 2006

Share your views on the Indian software industry.

I've been busy writting a paper on the Indian software industry. I already found many sources online or in libraries but any additional sources could be useful!

The requirements:
-100 pages + 50 pages of appendix
-200-300 sources

Feel free to give me your insights on this sector either by email or in the comment section of this post. The more factual, the better!

1. Where would be India now without the software industry?
2. Could Indian software houses have achieved the same early success if they had simply done all the software development work from their Indian base (vs body-shopping)?
3. What was/is the impact of the software industry:
-on the Indian GDP growth?
-on the development of the indian VC (venture capital) industry?
-on the liberalisation of the economy (lobbying to ease the financing)?
-on the improved infrastructure (lobbying to ensure the electricity supply, etc.)
4. Which other sectors benefit the most from the Indian software success (spillovers)?
5. Why did Bangalore become the Indian Silicon Valley?
6. What is/will be the effect of clustering? Will the whole country benefit from the software success or will it increase the disparities between states?
7. Should India be affraid of the Chinese software industry?
8. What would be the impact of the IIT reservation on the software industry?

Thanks a lot!